More relevant here though are the many sections when the Old Testament switches from conventional narrative to genealogies. Egerton ‘ in Insights and Interpretations: Wall paintings generally offer more flexibility, though they may be constrained by doors, windows and other architectural elements. One of the problems with the approaches of both Propp and Greimas is that they seek to describe narrative solely in terms of agents and agency-effects i. The right hand side of this circular medallion is filled with a church-construction scene showing the disregard for scale that is normal for the period.

Framing marks the completion of the artwork and asserts its status as commodity. In terms of the structural model presented in section 2. Foucault, ‘What is an Author? Field and vehicle in image signs’, in Sign, Language, Culture , ed. This was a time of frenetic growth in the use of narrative imagery. Thresholds of interpretation , Cambridge []. Their wilful lack of determinacy requires our more active participation in the interpretative dialogue.

The Mass of St Giles Monoscenic segment. Panofsky, Meaning in the Visual Arts: However, the narrative anticipation implicit in a proleptic episode changes its significance quite dramatically if one already knows the story.

Stuart Watling Thesis On Line

Yet when the time came for Parrhasius to unveil his own work, it transpired that the curtains concealing his painting were themselves just a painted fiction. Essentially it is an indication of the type of relationship between narrative image and its associated story – of the mechanism by which the former represents the latter. Ideology, Rhetorical imagery and the creation of a dynastic narrative’ in Narrative and Fhesis in Ancient Arted. Brittain, Saint GilesCambridge Nine problems in the theory of mise en abyme ‘, in Poetics Today8 2, pp.

It was Charlemagne who liberated the tomb of James in Galicia from the infidel, thus rescuing him from neglect and instigating pilgrimages to the site.

The adventure chronotope is thus characterized by a technical, abstract connection between space and timeby the reversibility of moments in a temporal sequence, and by their interchangeaility in space. A star shall rise out of Jacob and a sceptre shall spring up from Israel: Weitzmann, Illustrations in roll and codex: Despite of all stuxrt perspectival complexity however, in terms of what is being represented, these Boscoreale frescoes employ frames in a simple, one-dimensional fashion; all of the planes of imaginary architecture belong to the same represented world – dhatling the same level of reality.


His gaze and raised index finger seem addressed to the master mason.

stuart whatling phd thesis

The frequent transition from leisurely depiction to tight narrative This identification of the central figure gesturing phhd the reliquaries as Charlemagne also fits more closely with the Descriptio version of the story. The second of these issues is generally the more interesting, particularly in relation to whether the reach of the anachrony remains within the chronological scope of the narrative internal anachrony or goes beyond it external anachrony.

Yet another mode of authorship appears when we turn to secular narratives. Judith, Esther, narrative modes and models of queenship in the windows of the Sainte-Chapelle in Paris’, in Word and Image15 4, pp.

stuart whatling phd thesis

His hands and the offerings are all painted on a single piece of dhatling with no intervening leading, so it is clear that the artist has deliberately painted two separate objects. In Pseudo-Turpinthe key point about the taking of Pamplona was its miraculous nature; Charlemagne and his armies besieged the town for three months but were unable to overcome its invincible walls.

Returning to the frame structure of f.

In this particular case, there is the fact that the gabled reliquaries on the platform stuarrt in panel 07 are very obviously not arranged in a pyramid seemingly one of the distinctive feature of the tribune des Corps-Saints. This is a relatively rare example of the inclusion of the homodiegetic narrator within a visual discourse. As he is welcomed into the city, Charlemagne is still wearing his spurs – a subtle analepsis suggesting that he has just arrived the artists at Chartres were adept at adding such clues as to relative chronology, perhaps the most effective being the scene of the newly parricidal St Julien wiping the still wet blood from his sword in bay 21, panel 19 – see Fig.


4) Case study; the Charlemagne window at Chartres Cathedral

Table 3 – Deep-structural ‘roles’ in Biblical and hagiographic narratives. Interestingly, the frame violation stops there; the horses are cut off level with the lead cames containing the white band and do not intrude into the foliate patterns of the spandrels.

In all cases the basic ingredients are the same – a guard raising a weapon to drive the saintly figure towards an open doorway. Its Influence on Literature and Arted.

Stuart Whatling PhD Thesis – Chapter 2

Most important of all however was the special nature of the medieval reader. In the absence of any textual basis to interpret the scene specifically, it seems reasonable to suggest that panel 12 is a generalised scene representing all those cities captured by force.

For every person who knew Charlemagne from personally reading a manuscript of Pseudo-Turpinthere must have been hundreds who knew him from a range of oral and visual sources, the details of which may have matched that text to a greater or lesser degree. As an alternative to the simple tripartite classifications of Wickhoff and Weitzmann, I would instead suggest that narrative images should be considered in terms of their positions on five distinct axes.

The paradigmatic axis exists only in the surface structure of fabula and discourse – in terms of, for example, who the villain is or how and when they are defeated. For example, when viewing a table from a position where only three legs are visible, we assume the presence of the fourth leg. Although these panels depict somewhat different nuclei at the functional level although the sleep-theme is still therestructurally they repeat the same pattern – the initiation of uncertainty in panel 15 what do the flowering lances forebode?